1)What is the proper way of learning for a child with autism? Every child with autism may have a different learning profile as autism is a spectrum disorder. Their way of learning will be influenced by their communication levels, cognitive levels, sensory challenges, motor challenges & social awareness. It is believed that the best program for all on the spectrum is some level of structure, emphasis on visual supports, addressing executive functioning challenges, understanding, addressing & accommodating sensory challenges, supporting motor challenges, developing joint attention & social reciprocity, teaching social rules & identifying the interests of the student & using those interests to engage them. A program must address the anxiety of the student with autism, his or her challenges with starting tasks or getting stuck, the child’s black & white view of situations & their ability to assess how big a problem really is & to find solutions.
2) How does one set academic targets for students with autism in an inclusive classroom? Every student should be assessed in order to identify their cognitive levels, identifying strengths & weaknesses. Academic targets should be set from the results of the assessment. Teachers need to look at reading levels (decoding and comprehension), writing skills (motor & composition), mathematics (calculation & problem solving), spelling & their cognitive levels (comprehension is key to setting realistic academic targets)
3)Are there any home treatments for children with autism whose parents are busy working? Many families must work all of the world. In some parts of the world, there are agencies who can come into the home & train the parents or someone that the parents have hired to support the child when the parents are working. These support people need to understand autism & particularly the specific child being supported. These people could go to school & observe & learn from the teachers how to support learning (reading, math, homework). These people could be trained to help develop the child’s independent living skills. Some parents may need to decide not to work & become the child’s teacher of home skills. In some countries parents keep their child at home & work with the home school associations. They have on line curriculums they can access. Home treatment is up to the parents to develop & guide. They must locate organizations, pay organizations to come in to help support their son or daughter’s home learning.
4)When is it the right for teachers to encourage children to maximize their potential? A teacher’s job is to inspire a child to learn when they are very little. Learning should be fun and engaging. Parents and teachers should encourage a child to learn all the time. It is a matter of making learning meaningful to the child. So one must know where the child is developmentally. Then learning can be structured around their level of understanding, communication and interests. I believe that children with autism need to start young to learn.
5)How do we help children with autism learn better? First teach at their level of understanding. Next make learning fun. Next make learning meaningful. Use their interests. Then structure each learning activity visually. Then praise for every little step forward. Work with a speech therapist. Work with an occupational therapist. Work with an educational specialist.
6)How do we deliver effective education to children with autism and mental retardation? Once again, every child learns differently. A child with lower cognitive ability must have things presented at their level of understanding. A child with lower cognitive ability will need more practice more, have smaller amounts of work & many visual supports. They must have a way to communicate first &foremost. (Signs, Pictures, Technology). All teaching must be meaningful. Use their interests. What is taught should be functional (truly occur in their daily lives). Teaching must be structured. Small classroom size. Calm environment to learn in.
7)What is the impact when a child learns one thing from one center and something different from another center? I believe that there needs to be collaboration. If a child is going to two or more centers for treatment then a collaboration time needs to be designed. All specialists should be sharing what they are doing & how on a regular basis!!!!! Children need consistency. The interventions that work should be shared & embraced by all.
8)How to teach children with sensory integration challenges? Once again, each child has differing sensory challenges. Some are visually distracted. Some auditory distracted. Some are sensitive to touch, taste or smell. A sensory profile should be completed, identifying the challenges & then a sensory diet develop by the Occupational Therapist. Some students are over aroused while others under aroused & different exercises & supports need to be put in place depending on the sensory integration issues they present. Teachers need to then modify the classroom environment to accommodate sensory challenges. Teachers may need to modify the learning schedules in the classroom due to sensory challenges. Special equipment may need to be used to support sensory needs. Sensory integration is an individually based intervention.